NSW Government (2020) NSW and Victorian border closures, media release, 8 July. [footnote 228] Huf and Mclean (2020) op. [footnote 338] The sector's peak bodies, including Aged & Community Services Australia and Leading Age Services Australia, have called for a uniform national policy on transferring aged care residents infected with COVID-19 to hospitals. Shimwell, M. (2020) 'Compulsory isolation in the fight against coronavirus: a clash of human rights and public health' The Conversation, 3 March. [footnote 81], Restrictions on mass gatherings of more than 500 people, Restrictions on non-essential indoor gatherings of more than 100 people, Restrictions on visits and arrangements at aged care facilities, Special exemptions for limitations on indoor and outdoor gatherings, Restrictions on travel to remote communities, Increased restrictions on social gatherings and selected non-essential services, Increase to the list of non-essential services; gatherings prohibited, Mandatory 14-day self-isolation in accommodation facilities for returning travellers from overseas, Further restrictions to indoor and outdoor public gatherings to two persons only, Moratorium on evictions for six months for tenants in financial distress, Rest stops and roadhouses exempted from restrictions on non-essential services, Nationally consistent approach to hardship support across the essential services for households and small businesses, Consistent and immediate exemption for non-cruise maritime crew to provide for the transiting to and from their place of work, within and across jurisdictions, Endorsed the Management and Operational Plan for COVID-19 for People with Disability, Allowed Category 2 and some Category 3 elective surgery to take place in public and private hospitals, Endorsed the updated Australian Health Protection Principal Committee advice on schools, Endorsed the updated Australian Health Protection Principal Committee's medical advice on the relaxation of restriction measures, Agreed that jurisdictions will plan for and manage outbreaks in prisons in accordance with the Communicable Diseases Network Australia National Guidelines for the Prevention, Control and Public Health Management of COVID-19 Outbreaks in Correctional and Detention Facilities in Australia, Finalised a national three-step plan to gradually remove baseline restrictions and make Australia COVID-safe, Endorsed the Mental Health and Wellbeing Pandemic Plan to reduce the negative impacts of COVID-19 pandemic in the short and long term, Agreed to the formation of the National Federation Reform Council and the cessation of COAG, Agreed to remove the 100-person limit on non-essential indoor gatherings under the Step 3 Framework and replace it with adherence to social distancing and contact tracing principles, Confirmed that the current hotel quarantine arrangements remain in place, with further testing for those in quarantine. [footnote 37]. s 231, p. 1; Victorian Government (2020) Victoria Government Gazette, no. [footnote 236] ACT Government (2020) Update on ACT/Victoria travel restrictions, media release, 7 July. [footnote 72] Under the Biosecurity Act 2015, this document also designates the limits of Commonwealth Government powers during a human biosecurity emergency. (2020) 'Qld border court fight may be too late', News.com.au, 16 June. [footnote 64], Figure 4. cit., p. 24.

Practical Law Australia (2020) 'COVID-19: Federal government powers and planning', website. [footnote 206]. All staff, students, instructors and visitors must have daily temperature checks prior to entering the campus. ', Legal Affairs, 24 April. Vol 2, Melbourne, Government Printer. [footnote 107] Biosecurity (Human Biosecurity Emergency) (Human Coronavirus with Pandemic Potential) (Emergency Requirements) Determination 2020, [footnote 108] Biosecurity (Human Biosecurity Emergency) (Human Coronavirus with Pandemic Potential) (Emergency Requirements for Cruise Ships) Determination 2020. Law Council of Australia (2020) Law Council of Australia President, Pauline Wright, statement regarding biosecurity control orders, media release, 3 March. [footnote 207] These offences included refusing or failing to comply with emergency directions (sections 200 and 203(1) of the Act), public health risk power directions (sections 190 and 193(1) of the Act) or a Chief Health Officer direction to provide information (section 188(2) of the Act); and hindering or obstructing an Authorised Officer (section 183 of the PHW Act). [footnote 93] Biosecurity Act 2015 (Cth), Division 3, Subdivision B.

Blakkarly, J. The Civil Rights Division enforces federal laws that protect you from discrimination based on your race, color, national origin, disability status, sex, religion, familial status, or loss of other constitutional rights. Early in the pandemic, Victoria's Police Association asked the Premier to declare a state of disaster under the Emergency Management Act to equip Victoria Police with greater powers to enforce self-isolation and mass gathering bans. ACSA (2020) Hospitalisation of aged care residents should happen before major outbreaks, media release, 28 July.

[footnote 120].

§ Pape vs Commissioner of Taxation (2009) 238 CLR 1. Harvey, M. (2020) 'If COVID-19 is a national emergency, can the federal government take control of schools? [footnote 234] NSW Government (2020) Border closure to protect NSW, media release, 6 July; NSW Government (2020) NSW and Victorian border closures, media release, 8 July.

', The Conversation, 2 August. It can be activated for any emergency. [footnote 158] The measures were described by the Premier as necessary to help 'provide the Chief Health Officer with the powers he needs to enforce 14-day isolation requirements for all travellers entering Australia, and cancel mass gatherings of more than 500 people, as agreed by the National Cabinet'. [footnote 153], The Chief Health Officer may appoint officers to exercise any of the public health and emergency powers. [footnote 122] These protections included extending the Privacy Act's Notifiable Data Breaches provisions to apply to the app data; obligating data to be deleted on request, and otherwise at the end of the pandemic; and requiring that the Minister for Health and the regulator submit reports regarding the app.